Peer-Reviewed Literature

Denitrifying Bioreactors

Cameron, S.G. and L.A. Schipper. 2010. Nitrate removal and hydraulic performance of organic carbon for use in denitrification beds. Ecol. Eng. 36:1588-1595.

Christianson, L.E., A. Bhandari, and M.J. Helmers. 2012a. A practice-oriented review of woodchip bioreactors for subsurface agricultural drainage. Appl. Eng. Agric. 28:861-874.

Christianson, L.E., A. Bhandari, and M.J. Helmers. 2011a. Pilot-scale evaluation of denitrification drainage bioreactors: Reactor geometry and performance. Journal of Environ. Eng. 137:213-220.

Christianson, L., A. Bhandari, M. Helmers, K. Kult, T. Sutphin, and R. Wolf. 2012b. Performance evaluation of four field-scale agricultural drainage denitrification bioreactors in Iowa. Tran. Am. Soc. Ag. Eng. 55:2163-2174.

Christianson, L., R. Christianson, M. Helmers, C. Pederson, and A. Bhandari. 2013a. Modeling and calibration of drainage denitrification bioreactor design criteria. J. Irrig. Drain. Eng. 139: 699-709.

Christianson, L.E., J.A. Hanly, and M.J. Hedley. 2011b. Optimized denitrification bioreactor treatment through simulated drainage containment. Agr. Water Manage. 99: 85-92.

Christianson, L., M. Helmers, A. Bhandari, and T. Moorman. 2013b. Internal hydraulics of an agricultural drainage denitrification bioreactor. Ecol. Eng. 52:298-307.

Chun, J.A., R.A. Cooke, J.W. Eheart, and M.S. Kang. 2009. Estimation of flow and transport parameters for woodchip-based bioreactors: I. Laboratory-scale bioreactor. Biosyst. Eng. 104:384-395.

Elgood, Z., W.D. Robertson, S.L. Schiff, and R. Elgood. 2010. Nitrate removal and greenhouse gas production in a stream-bed denitrifying bioreactor. Ecol. Eng. 36:1575-1580.

David, M.B., L.E Gentry, R.A. Cooke and S.M Herbstritt. in press. Temperature and substrate controls woodchip bioreactor performance in reducing tile nitrate loads in east-central Illinois. J. Environ. Qual.

Gibert, O., S. Pomierny, I. Rowe, and R.M. Kalin. 2008. Selection of organic substrates as potential reactive materials for use in a denitrification permeable reactive barrier (PRB). Bioresource Technol. 99:7587-7596.

Greenan, C.M., T.B. Moorman, T.C. Kaspar, T.B. Parkin, and D.B. Jaynes. 2006. Comparing carbon substrates for denitrification of subsurface drainage water. J. Environ. Qual. 35:824-829.

Healy, M.G., M. Barrett, G.J. Lanigan, A. Joao Serrenho, T.G. Ibrahim, S.F. Thornton, S.A. Rolfe, W.E. Huang, and O. Fenton. 2014. Optimizing nitrate removal and evaluating pollution swapping trade-offs from a laboratory denitrification bioreactors. Ecol. Eng. 74:290-301.

Healy, M.G., T.G. Ibrahim, G.J. Lanigan, A. Joao Serrenho, and O. Fenton. 2012. Nitrate removal rate, efficiency and pollution swapping potential of different organic carbon media in laboratory denitrification bioreactors. Ecol. Eng. 40:198-209.

Healy, M.G., M. Rodgers, and J. Mulqueen. 2006. Denitrification of a nitrate-rich synthetic wastewater using various wood-based media materials. J. Environ. Sci. Heal. 41:779-788.

Lepine, C., L. Christianson, K. Sharrer, and S. Summerfelt. In review. Optimizing hydraulic retention times in denitrifying woodchip bioreactors treating recirculating aquaculture system wastewater.  J. Environ. Qual.

Moorman, T.B., T.B. Parkin, T.C. Kaspar, and D.B. Jaynes. 2010. Denitrification activity, wood loss, and N2O emissions over 9 Years from a wood chip bioreactor. Ecol. Eng. 36:1567-1574.

Pluer, W.T., L.D. Geohring, T.S. Steenhuis, and M.T. Walter. In review. Controls influencing the treatment of excess agricultural nitrate with denitrifying bioreactors. J. Environ. Qual.

Robertson, W.D. 2010. Nitrate removal rates in woodchip media of varying age. Ecol. Eng. 36:1581-1587.

Robertson, W.D., D.W. Blowes, C.J. Ptacek, and J.A. Cherry.  2000.  Long-term performance of in situ reactive barriers for nitrate remediation.  Ground Water 38:689-695.

Robertson, W.D. and J.A. Cherry.  1995. In situ denitrification of septic-system nitrate using reactive porous media barriers: Field trials.  Ground Water 33:99-111.

Robertson, W.D. and L.C. Merkley. 2009. In-stream bioreactor for agricultural nitrate treatment. J. Environ. Qual.  38:230-237.

Robertson, W.D., C.J. Ptacek, and S.J. Brown. 2009. Rates of nitrate and perchlorate removal in a 5-year-old wood particle reactor treating agricultural drainage. Ground Water Monit. R. 29:87-94.

Schipper, L.A., S.C. Cameron, and S. Warneke. 2010a. Nitrate removal from three different effluents using large-scale denitrification beds. Ecol. Eng. 36:1552-1557.

Schipper, L.A., W.D. Robertson, A.J. Gold, D.B. Jaynes, and S.C. Cameron. 2010b. Denitrifying bioreactors—An approach for reducing nitrate loads to receiving waters. Ecol. Eng. 36:1532-1543.

Schipper, L.A. and M. Vojvodić-Vuković. 1998. Nitrate removal from groundwater using a denitrification wall amended with sawdust: Field trial. J. Environ. Qual. 27:664-668.

Schipper, L.A. and M. Vojvodić-Vuković. 2000. Nitrate removal from groundwater and denitrification rates in a porous treatment wall amended with sawdust. Ecol. Eng. 14:269-278.

Schmidt, C.A. and M.W. Clark. 2012. Efficacy of a denitrification wall to treat continuously high nitrate loads. Ecol. Eng. 42:203-211.

Warneke, S., L.A. Schipper, D.A. Bruesewitz, I. Mcdonald, and S. Cameron. 2011c. Rates, controls and potential adverse effects of nitrate removal in a denitrification bed. Ecol. Eng. 37:511-522.

Warneke, S., L.A. Schipper, D.A. Bruesewitz, and W.T. Baisden. 2011a. A comparison of different approaches for measuring denitrification rates in a nitrate removing bioreactor. Water Res. 45:4141-4151.

Warneke, S., L.A. Schipper, M.G. Matiasek, K.M. Scow, S. Cameron, D.A. Bruesewitz, and I.R. Mcdonald. 2011b. Nitrate removal, communities of denitrifiers and adverse effects in different carbon substrates for use in denitrification beds. Water Research 45:5463-5475.

Woli, K.P., M.B. David, R.A. Cooke, G.F. Mcisaac, and C.A. Mitchell. 2010. Nitrogen balance in and export from agricultural fields associated with controlled drainage systems and denitrifying bioreactors. Ecol. Eng. 36:1558-1566.